How Can I Get Rid Of Plantar Fasciitis

How to Treat Plantar Fasciitis: Tips for Relief and Healing

Plantar fasciitis is a common condition that causes pain in the sole of the foot, specifically in the heel area. It occurs when the plantar fascia, a thick band of tissue that runs along the bottom of the foot, becomes inflamed or irritated. This can happen due to overuse, improper footwear, or other factors. If you’re suffering from plantar fasciitis, you may be wondering how to find relief and heal the condition. In this article, we’ll discuss various methods for treating plantar fasciitis and getting back on your feet.

Understanding Plantar Fasciitis

Before we dive into the treatment options, it’s important to have a basic understanding of what plantar fasciitis is and what causes it. Plantar fasciitis is a condition that affects the plantar fascia, a thick band of tissue that connects the heel bone to the toes. This tissue helps support the arch of the foot and absorbs shock when you walk or run.

When the plantar fascia becomes inflamed or irritated, it can cause pain and discomfort in the heel area. There are several factors that can contribute to the development of plantar fasciitis, including:

  • Overuse or repetitive strain on the foot
  • Wearing shoes with inadequate support or cushioning
  • Tight calf muscles or Achilles tendon
  • Being overweight or obese, which puts extra strain on the feet
  • Flat feet or high arches
  • Poor biomechanics or foot alignment

Treatment Options for Plantar Fasciitis

Now that we have a better understanding of plantar fasciitis, let’s explore the various treatment options available:

1. Rest and Ice

One of the first steps in treating plantar fasciitis is to rest the foot and avoid activities that aggravate the condition. Applying ice to the affected area can also help reduce inflammation and provide pain relief. Ice packs or frozen water bottles can be used for this purpose. Be sure to wrap the ice pack in a towel or cloth to protect your skin.

2. Stretching and Strengthening Exercises

Stretching exercises can help relieve tension in the plantar fascia and improve flexibility. Some effective stretching exercises include calf stretches, toe stretches, and towel stretches. These exercises should be done regularly and can be incorporated into your daily routine.

In addition to stretching, strengthening exercises can also be beneficial for treating plantar fasciitis. These exercises help to strengthen the muscles in the feet and ankles, providing better support for the plantar fascia. Examples of strengthening exercises include heel raises, toe curls, and ankle rolls.

3. Footwear Modifications

Wearing proper footwear is crucial for managing plantar fasciitis. Look for shoes that have good arch support, cushioning, and shock absorption. Avoid high heels and shoes with flat soles, as they can exacerbate the condition. Consider adding orthotic inserts or heel cups to provide additional support to the arch of the foot.

4. Night Splints

Wearing a night splint can help stretch the plantar fascia while you sleep, providing relief from morning pain and stiffness. Night splints are typically worn on the affected foot and keep the foot in a dorsiflexed position throughout the night. This helps prevent the plantar fascia from tightening and becoming painful when you get out of bed in the morning.

5. Physical Therapy

If home remedies and self-care measures are not providing sufficient relief, you may benefit from physical therapy. A physical therapist can work with you to develop a personalized treatment plan that includes exercises, stretches, and other modalities to help alleviate pain and improve mobility.

6. Medications

Over-the-counter pain medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), can be taken to reduce pain and inflammation associated with plantar fasciitis. These medications should be used as directed and only for a short period of time, as long-term use can have side effects.

7. Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy (ESWT)

ESWT is a non-invasive procedure that uses shockwaves to stimulate the healing process in the plantar fascia. It can help reduce pain and promote tissue regeneration. This treatment is usually reserved for cases that are resistant to other forms of treatment.

8. Corticosteroid Injections

In some cases, corticosteroid injections may be recommended to provide short-term relief from severe pain and inflammation. These injections are typically administered by a healthcare professional and should be used judiciously, as they can have side effects and may not provide long-term benefit.

9. Extracorporeal Pulse Activation Technology (EPAT)

EPAT is another non-invasive treatment option that uses acoustic pressure waves to stimulate healing in the plantar fascia. It can provide pain relief and improve function in individuals with plantar fasciitis.

10. Surgery

In rare cases where conservative treatments fail to provide relief, surgery may be considered. Surgical options for plantar fasciitis include plantar fascia release, which involves partially cutting the plantar fascia to relieve tension, and heel spur removal, which involves removing bony protrusions that may be contributing to the condition.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1: How long does it take to recover from plantar fasciitis?

A1: The recovery time for plantar fasciitis can vary depending on the severity of the condition and the treatment methods used. In mild cases, recovery may take a few weeks to a couple of months. In more severe cases, it may take several months or longer to fully recover.

Q2: Will plantar fasciitis go away on its own?

A2: In some cases, plantar fasciitis may resolve on its own with rest and conservative treatment measures. However, it’s important to seek medical attention if the pain persists or worsens, as prompt treatment can help prevent further damage and improve healing.

Q3: Can I still exercise with plantar fasciitis?

A3: It’s generally recommended to avoid high-impact activities and exercises that put strain on the foot, such as running and jumping, while you’re experiencing plantar fasciitis. However, low-impact exercises like swimming and cycling may be suitable alternatives to keep you active without exacerbating the condition.

Q4: Can weight loss help with plantar fasciitis?

A4: Yes, losing weight can help reduce the strain on the feet and alleviate the symptoms of plantar fasciitis. In individuals who are overweight or obese, excess weight puts additional pressure on the plantar fascia, making it more susceptible to injury and inflammation.

Q5: Is it better to apply heat or ice for plantar fasciitis?

A5: Ice is generally more effective in reducing inflammation and providing pain relief for plantar fasciitis. Heat may provide temporary relief from muscle tension and stiffness, but it’s not as effective in reducing inflammation. It’s best to use ice in the acute phase of plantar fasciitis and switch to heat therapy or contrast therapy (alternating between ice and heat) during the healing and recovery phase.

Q6: Can plantar fasciitis come back after treatment?

A6: Yes, plantar fasciitis can recur even after successful treatment. It’s important to continue with preventive measures, such as wearing supportive footwear, stretching exercises, and maintaining a healthy weight, to reduce the risk of recurrence.

Q7: Can wearing high heels cause plantar fasciitis?

A7: Wearing high heels regularly can increase the risk of developing plantar fasciitis. High heels alter the biomechanics of the foot, causing added strain on the plantar fascia and other structures. It’s best to opt for shoes with good arch support and cushioning to prevent plantar fasciitis.

Q8: Can plantar fasciitis affect both feet?

A8: Yes, plantar fasciitis can affect one foot or both feet simultaneously. It’s important to address the condition in both feet to prevent imbalances and further complications.

Q9: Can plantar fasciitis lead to other foot problems?

A9: If left untreated, plantar fasciitis can lead to other foot problems, such as heel spurs, Achilles tendonitis, and chronic foot pain. It’s important to seek treatment early to prevent these complications.

Q10: Can massage help with plantar fasciitis?

A10: Massage can provide temporary relief from pain and discomfort associated with plantar fasciitis. However, it’s important to avoid deep tissue massage or aggressive techniques that can further irritate the plantar fascia. Gentle self-massage or seeking the help of a qualified massage therapist can be beneficial in reducing muscle tension and promoting relaxation.


Plantar fasciitis can be a painful and debilitating condition, but with the right treatment approach, it is possible to find relief and heal. Remember to rest your foot, engage in stretching and strengthening exercises, modify your footwear, and seek professional treatments if needed. By following these steps and maintaining good foot care practices, you can overcome plantar fasciitis and get back to an active and pain-free lifestyle.

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