What Muscles To Strengthen For Lower Back Pain

Muscles to Strengthen for Lower Back Pain Relief

If you suffer from lower back pain, it’s crucial to strengthen the muscles that support and protect your spine. Stronger muscles can help alleviate pain, improve mobility, and prevent future injuries. Here are some key muscles to focus on when it comes to lower back pain relief:

1. Transversus Abdominis

The transversus abdominis is a deep abdominal muscle that plays a crucial role in supporting the spine. When this muscle is weak, it can lead to instability and stress on the lower back. Strengthening exercises for the transversus abdominis include planks, bird dogs, and abdominal hollowing.

2. Gluteus Maximus

The gluteus maximus, or the buttocks muscle, is responsible for hip extension and stabilization. When it’s weak, it can lead to lower back pain. Exercises like squats, lunges, and glute bridges can help strengthen the gluteus maximus.

3. Erector Spinae

The erector spinae muscles are a group of muscles that run along the length of the spine. They help maintain proper posture and provide stability to the back. Exercises like supermans, deadlifts, and back extensions can target the erector spinae muscles.

4. Multifidus

The multifidus muscles are small muscles located along the spine. They help stabilize the vertebrae and improve spinal alignment. Exercises like bird dogs, cat-camel stretches, and side-lying leg lifts can target the multifidus muscles.

5. Quadratus Lumborum

The quadratus lumborum muscles are located on either side of the lower back. They help with side bending and stability. Strengthening exercises for the quadratus lumborum include side planks, side bends, and quadruped hip abductions.

6. Hamstrings

The hamstrings are a group of muscles located at the back of the thighs. Tight hamstrings can contribute to lower back pain. Stretching and strengthening exercises like hamstring curls, Romanian deadlifts, and bridges can help alleviate pain and improve flexibility.

7. Hip Flexors

The hip flexors are a group of muscles located at the front of the hips. When these muscles are tight or imbalanced, they can pull the pelvis forward, causing strain on the lower back. Stretching and strengthening exercises like lunges, hip flexor stretches, and leg raises can help improve hip flexibility and relieve lower back pain.

8. Obliques

The oblique muscles are located on the sides of the abdomen and play a crucial role in rotation and stability. Strengthening exercises for the obliques include Russian twists, side planks with twists, and oblique crunches.

9. Pelvic Floor Muscles

The pelvic floor muscles support the pelvic organs and help maintain core stability. Weak pelvic floor muscles can contribute to lower back pain. Pelvic floor exercises, also known as Kegels, can help strengthen these muscles.

10. Lower Trapezius

The lower trapezius is a muscle located between the shoulder blades. It helps stabilize the scapulae and improve posture. Strengthening exercises for the lower trapezius include prone Ys, rows, and shoulder retractions.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. How often should I perform these exercises?

It’s recommended to perform these exercises at least 2-3 times a week, allowing for a day of rest in between sessions. Consistency is key to seeing results.

2. Can I do these exercises if I have an existing back injury?

If you have an existing back injury, it’s important to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any exercise program. They can provide guidance and recommend modifications that are safe for your condition.

3. Are there any exercises I should avoid if I have lower back pain?

Avoid exercises that exacerbate your pain or cause discomfort. It’s important to listen to your body and work within your limits. If an exercise doesn’t feel right, modify or avoid it.

4. Can these exercises help prevent lower back pain?

Yes, strengthening the muscles that support the spine can help prevent lower back pain. Maintaining a strong core and proper posture can reduce the risk of injuries and strain on the lower back.

5. How long does it take to see results?

The timeline for seeing results can vary from person to person. With consistent practice and proper form, you may start to notice improvements in a few weeks to a few months.

6. Can I do these exercises at home?

Yes, most of these exercises can be done at home with minimal equipment. However, it’s important to learn proper form and technique to avoid any potential injuries.

7. Should I warm up before doing these exercises?

Yes, warming up before any workout or exercise routine is important. A warm-up can help increase blood flow, loosen up the muscles, and prepare the body for physical activity.

8. Can I incorporate these exercises into my existing workout routine?

Absolutely! These exercises can be added to your existing workout routine to specifically target and strengthen the muscles that support the lower back. Just make sure to balance your workouts and allow for proper rest and recovery.

9. Can I do these exercises if I’m pregnant?

If you’re pregnant, it’s best to consult with your healthcare provider before starting any new exercise program. They can provide guidance and recommend exercises that are safe for your pregnancy.

10. What other lifestyle changes can help with lower back pain?

In addition to exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, practicing good posture, avoiding prolonged sitting or standing, and using ergonomic furniture can all contribute to lower back pain relief.


Strengthening the muscles that support the lower back is essential for relieving pain, improving mobility, and preventing future injuries. By targeting these key muscles, incorporating proper form and technique, and staying consistent with your workouts, you can experience long-term relief and support for your lower back.

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